The Chinese Triads: The History and Legacy of China's Most Famous Organized Crime Syndicates | Charles River Editors | ISBN: | Kostenloser. This study presents an investigation into the phenomenon of the Chinese Triad, its rituals and mythological lore and its meanings and functions. Using a variety. Many translated example sentences containing "Chinese triads" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations.
Übersetzung für "Chinese Triad" im DeutschTriaden siehe: Murray, The Origins of the Tiandihui: The Chinese Triads in Legend ) zwischen Großbritannien und dem Kaiserreich China der Qing-. The Chinese Triads: The History and Legacy of China's Most Famous Organized Crime Syndicates | Charles River Editors | ISBN: | Kostenloser. From running guns to white-collar crimes in cyberspace and illegal seafood, the Triads, the mafia of China, are potent figures in the world of organized crime.
Chinese Triads What is their history in Hong Kong? Video4K WALK THROUGH THE HOOD IN CHINA 💀💀💀 (CHINESE MAFIA AREA) CHINESE GHETTO
And how powerful are its members? It functioned originally as a secret society during 17th century China with members who opposed the Qing Dynasty.
From being imbued with culture and a clear code of conduct , the group disintegrated into many factions in It was founded in in Guangdong Province in China.
Among the illegal activities in which the two criminal organizations work together are the human trafficking and illegal immigration aimed at the sexual and labor exploitation of the Chinese compatriots into Italy, the synthetics drug trafficking and the laundering of illicit money through the purchase of real estate.
In it, industrial waste was exported from Italy to China, guaranteeing million-dollar revenues for both organizations.
The industrial waste left Prato in Italy and arrived in Hong Kong. Triads engage in a variety of crimes, from fraud , extortion and money laundering to trafficking and prostitution , and are involved in smuggling and counterfeiting goods such as music, video, software, clothes, watches and money.
Since the first opium bans during the 19th century, Chinese criminal gangs have been involved in worldwide illegal drug trade.
Many triads switched from opium to heroin, produced from opium plants in the Golden Triangle , refined into heroin in China and trafficked to North America and Europe, in the s and s.
The most important triads active in the international heroin trade are the 14K and the Tai Huen Chai. Triads have begun smuggling chemicals from Chinese factories to North America for the production of methamphetamine , and to Europe for the production of MDMA.
Triads in the United States also traffic large quantities of ketamine. Triads have been engaging in counterfeiting since the s. During the s and s, they were involved in counterfeiting currency often the Hong Kong cent piece.
The gangs were also involved in counterfeiting expensive books for sale on the black market. With the advent of new technology and the improvement of the average standard of living, triads produce counterfeit goods such as watches, film VCDs and DVDs and designer apparel such as clothing and handbags.
In , four triad members were arrested for health care fraud in Japan. Triads use numeric codes to distinguish ranks and positions within the gang; the numbers are inspired by Chinese numerology and based on the I Ching.
Law enforcement and intel have it that the Vanguard may actually hold the highest power or final word. A military commander also known as a Red Pole , overseeing defensive and offensive operations, is ; 49 denotes a soldier , or rank-and-file member.
The White Paper Fan provides financial and business advice , and the Straw Sandal is a liaison between units. Blue Lanterns are uninitiated members, equivalent to Mafia associates, and do not have a designating number.
According to De Leon Petta Gomes da Costa, who interviewed triads and authorities in Hong Kong, most of the current structure is a vague, low hierarchy; the traditional ranks and positions no longer exist.
Similar to the Indian thuggees or the Japanese yakuza , triad members participate in initiation ceremonies. After drinking a mixture of wine and blood from the animal or the candidate , the member passes beneath an arch of swords while reciting the triad's oaths.
The paper on which the oaths are written will be burnt on the altar to confirm the member's obligation to perform his duties to the gods.
Three fingers of the left hand are raised as a binding gesture. Similar to triads, Tongs originated independently in early immigrant Chinatown communities.
The word means "social club", and tongs are not specifically underground organizations. The first tongs formed during the second half of the 19th century among marginalized members of early immigrant Chinese-American communities for mutual support and protection from nativists.
Modeled on triads, they were established without clear political motives and became involved in criminal activities such as extortion, illegal gambling, drug and human trafficking, murder and prostitution.
Triads were also active in Chinese communities throughout Southeast Asia. When Malaysia and Singapore with the region's largest population of ethnic Chinese became crown colonies , secret societies and triads controlled local communities by extorting protection money and illegal money lending.
Many conducted blood rituals, such as drinking one another's blood, as a sign of brotherhood; others ran opium dens and brothels.
Remnants of these former gangs and societies still exist. Due to government efforts in Malaysia and Singapore to reduce crime, the societies have largely faded from the public eye particularly in Singapore.
Sun Yee On is by far the most powerful organization in Hong Kong. It has a branched structure and has at least members more than the entire Hong Kong police force.
It is not of Han origin, but Hakka and its members or their ancestors come from Chaozhou Guangdong ; it is believed that its founder was a major of the Kuomintang named Heung.
After the death of the major occurred in the first half of the century, the leadership of the organization passed to his tenth son, Charles Heung Wah-Keung December 16, who together with his brother Heung Wah-Sing, invested heavily in the industry of Hong Kong entertainment.
In his youth, Charles Heung was also a Taiwan kung-fu film actor. This company is very strong in Hong Kong, so much so that virtually all local stars, apart from Jackie Chan, have made at least one film for them.
Occasionally he does not disdain to interpret cameos in his films. For his part, the almost year-old Heung denied being a triad leader even if he admitted that his family has a mafia background.
At the beginning of the 90s, the producer Chan Chi-ming was suspected of having practiced violence on a film cast to push him to work in his productions.
He was eventually blamed for having illegitimate sex with a street prostitute. Imprisoned for a year and then released, it is thought that his arrest was orchestrated by Charles Heung, although he has always denied any involvement stating that he is not so powerful.
Charles Heung is co-owner of the Top Ten club in Beijing. On the occasion of the opening of this place, Tao Sijiu gave a press conference in Hong Kong in which, after having expounded against the actions against revolutionizing students in Tiananmen Square, he added that the Triads are patriotic organizations and the prosperity of Hong Kong is linked to their destinies.
In August , Charles and Jimmy opened a multi-million film studio in Shenzhen. The local partner was a Chinese company called Donglong Group whose property is unknown.
The opening party for the new club took place in the presence of other prestigious guests such as the Governor of Guangdong Ye Xuanping.
The Heung in Hong Kong, and probably not only there are untouchable. It is thought that this clan has more than 55, affiliates in the world, with many strong sub-organizations in North America.
This group has over 20, members and is also based in Hong Kong. Its members, as for the 14K, come mostly from Guangdong.
Among the main activities of this clan, we find both legal and illegal gambling. He was caught in and executed along with 7 of his men.
The Golden Dragon Massacre put the triads on the map at least, in the mainstream consciousness in the United States.
This attack resulted in 5 deaths and 11 wounded. Of the five dead, two were tourists, and none of the 11 injured were gang members.
This event led to the creation of the San Francisco Asian Gangs division. It is reported that Sun Yee On has heavily invested in the Hong Kong movie industry , which is why gangsters are romanticized so often.
The rites would take place at an altar with incense smoke and the sacrifice to the gods of a domestic animal, such as a chicken or a goat.
If I, as a future member of this association, break this oath, the swords will descend and kill me. Signifying the name of the association, three fingers of the left hand would be raised to the heavens as a secret and binding gesture.
Before Britain returned the city to Chinese control in , the mainland authorities sought to co-opt triads in order to curb their assistance to pro-democracy demonstrators and promote stability during the sensitive handover period.
The triads have a patriotic reputation, but their deepest allegiance is to cash, said Lo T. Wing, a professor at City University of Hong Kong who researches triads.
In the past decade, gang members have sometimes carried out assaults in Hong Kong with political implications.
Kevin Lau, the former chief editor of Ming Pao, a prominent Hong Kong newspaper, was seriously injured in a knife attack in During the pro-democracy Umbrella Movement demonstrations later that year, a gang of men, including several believed to have triad connections, attacked a protest encampment in the Mong Kok district in Kowloon.
Public anger grew after the police chief, Peter Fitzroy Godber, was found in to have hundreds of thousands of dollars in overseas accounts.